19th Century Film

19th Century Film

A timeline of film history's major events, inventions, and developments in the 19th Century. Interactive with clickable details. Created by Adam Call Roberts at FilmsRanked.com

1825-04-02 00:00:00

First Commercial Thaumatrope

In the late years of the Regency era, several scientists observed an optical illusion that takes place while looking at spinning wheels. As Michael Faraday described it in 1831, there is a “persistence of a visual impression for a determinate interval’ after an object has been withdrawn or changed its place

1832-12-01 00:00:00

First Phenakistoscope

In 1832, animation was born. Belgian physicist Joseph Plateau created the very first moving picture – the image of a spinning doll. Plateau published his invention in the journal Correspondance Mathématique et Physique.

1867-04-23 00:00:00

Zoëtrope Patented

In the United States it was patented as the Zoëtrope on April 23, 1867 by William E. Lincoln – as an assignor to Milton Bradley.

1868-03-18 00:00:00

Flip Book Patented

Rather than “reading” left to right, a viewer simply stares at the same location of the images in the flip book as the pages turn

1875-02-06 00:00:00

Eadweard Muybridge Acquitted

In 1874, photographer Eadweard Muybridge killed Harry Larkyns in Calistoga, California, believing that Larkyns had seduced Muybridge’s wife and fathered the baby son Muybridge had believed was his own.

1876-11-09 00:00:00

1st Kinesigraph Patented

In 1876, anarchist Wordsworth Donisthrope patented a camera to take rapid photos that could be played back to create a movie picture. Records don’t show how well it worked, but in 1878 Donisthrope brainstormed an idea to synchronize moving pictures with Thomas Edison’s phonograph

1877-01-01 00:00:00

Praxinoscope Invented

The praxinoscope improved on the zoetrope by replacing its narrow viewing slits with an inner circle of mirrors, placed so that the reflections of the pictures appeared more or less stationary in position as the wheel turned.

1877-12-01 00:00:00

Phonograph Invented

In December 1877, Thomas Edison and his team invented the phonograph using a thin sheet of tin foil wrapped around a hand-cranked grooved metal cylinder

1878-06-15 00:00:00

The Horse in Motion

Photographer Eadweard Muybridge and his patron Leland Stanford worked through the 1870s to create cameras that could take photographs of objects in motion. The earliest film had to be exposed to the light for long periods of time. Moving objects would not show up, or would show up as a blur.

1879-11-04 00:00:00

Edison Bulb Patented

Thomas Edison began serious research into developing a practical incandescent lamp in 1878. Edison filed his first patent application for “Improvement in Electric Lights” on 14 October 1878

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