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Kings and Queens of England and Great Britain

Kings and Queens of England and Great Britain

In this interactive 3D timeline, you can find out about the colourful men and women who led England and Great Britain through its fascinating historical journey, from a fragmented former outpost of the Roman empire beset by Viking and French invasions to the world's preeminent industrial powerhouse, and then onto its slow decline in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. Many of them you have probably already heard of; King Harold who was killed by an arrow to the eye in the Battle of Hastings by troops of William the Conqueror, who himself went on to take the English throne; Henry VIII, the gluttonous king who went through wives almost as fast as puddings, beheading two of them in the process; Richard Lionheart, the crusader king who already commanded his own army at 16 years of age; the two legendary Queen Elizabeths. But there are also lesser known figures who only connoisseurs of British history might recognise. People like Empress Matilda, arguably England's first female monarch, who only controlled the country for a few months in 1141 during a civil war known as the Anarchy, or what about Danish King Sweyn Forkbeard whose reign over England lasted just five weeks before he died. This multimedia timeline includes depictions of the kings and queens, a short description and links to further information. We believe it provides a fun and interactive way of exploring history, and hope it proves useful for teachers and their pupils, as well as history buffs. ### About This timeline was made using [**ChronoFlo Timeline Maker**](/), a free online service for making interactive timelines that can be shared on the web. Information for the timeline was compiled mainly from [**Wikipedia**](https://www.wikipedia.org), in particular Wikipedia's lists of [**English**](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_English_monarchs) and [**British**](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_British_monarchs) monarchs. ### Credits Design: [**ChronoFlo Timeline Maker**](/) Information: [**Wikipedia**](https://www.wikipedia.org) Images: [**WikiMedia Commons**](https://commons.wikimedia.org)

0886-01-01 00:00:00

Alfred the Great

Alfred the Great was King of the West Saxons from 871 to 886, and King of the Anglo-Saxons from 886 until his death in 899.

0899-10-26 00:00:00

Edward the Elder

Edward the Elder was King of the Anglo-Saxons from 899 until his death in 924.

0924-07-17 00:00:00

Ælfweard (disputed)

Ælfweard was the second son of Edward the Elder, the eldest born to his second wife Ælfflæd.

0924-07-18 00:00:00

Æthelstan

Æthelstan or Athelstan was King of the Anglo-Saxons from 924 to 927 and King of the English from 927 to his death in 939. He was the son of King Edward the Elder and his first wife, Ecgwynn.

0939-10-27 00:00:00

Edmund I

Edmund I or Eadmund I was King of the English from 27 October 939 until his death in 946. He was the elder son of King Edward the Elder and his third wife, Queen Eadgifu, and a grandson of King Alfred the Great. After Edward died in 924, he was succeeded by his eldest son, Edmund’s half-brother Æthelstan.

0946-05-26 00:00:00

Eadred

Eadred was King of the English from 26 May 946 until his death. He was the younger son of Edward the Elder and his third wife Eadgifu, and a grandson of Alfred the Great. His elder brother, Edmund, was killed trying to protect his seneschal from an attack by a violent thief.

0955-11-23 00:00:00

Eadwig

Eadwig was King of England from 23 November 955 until his death in 959. He was the elder son of Edmund I and his first wife Ælfgifu, who died in 944. Eadwig and his brother Edgar were young children when their father was killed trying to rescue his seneschal from attack by an outlawed thief on 26 May 946.

0959-10-01 00:00:00

Edgar the Peaceful

Edgar was King of England from 959 until his death in 975. He was the younger son of King Edmund I and his first wife Ælfgifu.

0975-07-08 00:00:00

Edward the Martyr

Edward, often called the Martyr, was King of the English from 975 until he was murdered in 978. Edward was the eldest son of King Edgar, but was not his father’s acknowledged heir.

0978-03-18 00:00:00

Æthelred the Unready

Æthelred II, known as Æthelred the Unready, was King of the English from 978 to 1013 and again from 1014 until his death in 1016.

0995-07-06 20:00:00

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1013-12-25 00:00:00

Sweyn Forkbeard

Sweyn Forkbeard was King of Denmark from 986 until his death, King of England for five weeks from December 1013 until his death, and King of Norway from 999/1000 until 1013/14. He was the father of King Harald II of Denmark, King Cnut the Great, and Queen...

1014-02-03 00:00:00

Æthelred the Unready

Æthelred II, known as Æthelred the Unready, was King of the English from 978 to 1013 and again from 1014 until his death in 1016. His epithet does not derive from the modern word "unready", but rather from the Old English unræd meaning "poorly advised";...

1016-04-23 00:00:00

Edmund Ironside

Edmund Ironside was King of the English from 23 April to 30 November 1016. He was the son of King Æthelred the Unready and his first wife, Ælfgifu of York. Edmund's reign was marred by a war he had inherited from his father; his cognomen "Ironside" was...

1016-10-18 00:00:00

Cnut the Great

Cnut, also known as Cnut the Great and Canute, was King of England from 1016, King of Denmark from 1018, and King of Norway from 1028 until his death in 1035. The three kingdoms united under Cnut's rule are referred to together as the North Sea Empire.

1035-11-12 00:00:00

Harold Harefoot

Harold I, also known as Harold Harefoot, was King of the English from 1035 to 1040. Harold's nickname "Harefoot" is first recorded as "Harefoh" or "Harefah" in the twelfth century in the history of Ely Abbey, and according to some late medieval...

1040-03-17 00:00:00

Harthacnut

Harthacnut, traditionally Hardicanute, sometimes referred to as Canute III, was King of Denmark from 1035 to 1042 and King of the English from 1040 to 1042.

1042-06-08 00:00:00

Edward the Confessor

Edward the Confessor was an Anglo-Saxon English king. Usually considered the last king of the House of Wessex, he ruled from 1042 to 1066.

1066-01-06 00:00:00

Harold Godwinson

Harold Godwinson, also called Harold II, was the last crowned Anglo-Saxon English king. Harold reigned from 6 January 1066 until his death at the Battle of Hastings, fighting the Norman invaders led by William the Conqueror during the Norman conquest of...

1066-10-15 00:00:00

Edgar Ætheling (disputed)

Edgar Ætheling or Edgar II was the last male member of the royal house of Cerdic of Wessex.

1066-12-25 00:00:00

William the Conqueror

William I, usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first Norman king of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087.

1087-09-26 00:00:00

William II

William II was King of England from 26 September 1087 until his death in 1100, with powers over Normandy and influence in Scotland. He was less successful in extending control into Wales. The third son of William the Conqueror, he is commonly referred to...

1100-08-05 00:00:00

Henry I

Henry I, also known as Henry Beauclerc, was King of England from 1100 to his death in 1135. He was the fourth son of William the Conqueror and was educated in Latin and the liberal arts. On William's death in 1087, Henry's elder brothers Robert Curthose...

1135-12-22 00:00:00

Stephen

Stephen, often referred to as Stephen of Blois, was King of England from 22 December 1135 to his death in 1154. He was Count of Boulogne jure uxoris from 1125 until 1147 and Duke of Normandy from 1135 until 1144. His reign was marked by the Anarchy, a...

1141-04-07 00:00:00

Empress Matilda (disputed)

Empress Matilda, also known as the Empress Maude, was one of the claimants to the English throne during the civil war known as the Anarchy.

1154-12-19 00:00:00

Henry II

Henry II, also known as Henry Curtmantle, Henry FitzEmpress, and Henry Plantagenet, was King of England from 1154 until his death in 1189. At various points in his life, he controlled England, large parts of Wales, the eastern half of Ireland, and the...

1189-09-03 00:00:00

Richard I

Richard I was King of England from 1189 until his death in 1199. He also ruled as Duke of Normandy, Aquitaine and Gascony, Lord of Cyprus, and Count of Poitiers, Anjou, Maine, and Nantes, and was overlord of Brittany at various times during the same...

1199-05-27 00:00:00

John

John was King of England from 1199 until his death in 1216. He lost the Duchy of Normandy and most of his other French lands to King Philip II of France, resulting in the collapse of the Angevin Empire and contributing to the subsequent growth in power of...

1216-06-02 00:00:00

Louis VIII of France (disputed)

Louis VIII, nicknamed The Lion, was King of France from 1223 to 1226. As prince, he invaded England on 21 May 1216 and was excommunicated by a papal legate on 29 May 1216.

1216-10-28 00:00:00

Henry III

Henry III, also known as Henry of Winchester, was King of England, Lord of Ireland, and Duke of Aquitaine from 1216 until his death in 1272. The son of King John and Isabella of Angoulême, Henry assumed the throne when he was only nine in the middle of...

1272-11-20 00:00:00

Edward I

Edward I, also known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots, was King of England from 1272 to 1307. Concurrently, he was Lord of Ireland, and from 1254 to 1306, he ruled Gascony as Duke of Aquitaine in his capacity as a vassal of the French...

1307-07-08 00:00:00

Edward II

Edward II, also called Edward of Caernarfon, was King of England from 1307 until he was deposed in January 1327. The fourth son of Edward I, Edward became the heir to the throne following the death of his older brother Alphonso. Beginning in 1300, Edward...

1327-01-25 00:00:00

Edward III

Edward III, also known as Edward of Windsor before his accession, was King of England from January 1327 until his death in 1377. He is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous and unorthodox reign of his...

1377-06-22 00:00:00

Richard II

Richard II, also known as Richard of Bordeaux, was King of England from 1377 until he was deposed in 1399. He was the son of Edward the Black Prince, Prince of Wales, and Joan, Countess of Kent. Richard's father died in 1376, leaving Richard as heir...

1399-09-30 00:00:00

Henry IV

Henry IV, also known as Henry Bolingbroke, was King of England from 1399 to 1413. His grandfather King Edward III had claimed the French throne as a grandson of Philip IV of France, and Henry continued this claim. He was the first English ruler since the...

1413-03-21 00:00:00

Henry V

Henry V, also called Henry of Monmouth, was King of England from 1413 until his death in 1422. Despite his relatively short reign, Henry's outstanding military successes in the Hundred Years' War against France made England one of the strongest military...

1422-09-01 00:00:00

Henry VI

Henry VI was King of England from 1422 to 1461 and again from 1470 to 1471, and disputed King of France from 1422 to 1453. The only child of Henry V, he succeeded to the English throne at the age of nine months upon his father's death, and succeeded to...

1461-03-04 00:00:00

Edward IV

Edward IV was King of England from 4 March 1461 to 3 October 1470, then again from 11 April 1471 until his death in 1483. He was a central figure in the Wars of the Roses, a series of civil wars in England fought between the Yorkist and Lancastrian...

1470-10-03 00:00:00

Readeption of Henry VI

The Readeption was the restoration of Henry VI of England to the throne of England in 1470. Edward, Duke of York, had taken the throne as Edward IV in 1461. Henry had fled with some Lancastrian supporters and spent much of the next few years in hiding in...

1471-04-11 00:00:00

Edward IV

Edward IV was King of England from 4 March 1461 to 3 October 1470, then again from 11 April 1471 until his death in 1483. He was a central figure in the Wars of the Roses, a series of civil wars in England fought between the Yorkist and Lancastrian...

1483-04-09 00:00:00

Edward V

Edward V was de jure King of England from 9 April to 25 June 1483. He succeeded his father, Edward IV, upon the latter's death. Edward V was never crowned, and his brief reign was dominated by the influence of his uncle and Lord Protector, the Duke of...

1483-06-26 00:00:00

Richard III

Richard III was King of England from 26 June 1483 until his death in 1485. He was the last king of the House of York and the last of the Plantagenet dynasty. His defeat and death at the Battle of Bosworth Field, the last decisive battle of the Wars of the...

1485-08-22 00:00:00

Henry VII

Henry VII was King of England from his seizure of the crown on 22 August 1485 until his death in 1509. He was the first monarch of the House of Tudor.

1509-04-22 00:00:00

Henry VIII

Henry VIII was King of England from 22 April 1509 until his death in 1547. Henry is best known for his six marriages, and for his efforts to have his first marriage annulled. His disagreement with Pope Clement VII about such an annulment led Henry to...

1547-01-28 00:00:00

Edward VI

Edward VI was King of England and Ireland from 28 January 1547 until his death in 1553. He was crowned on 20 February 1547 at the age of nine. Edward was the son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour and the first English monarch to be raised as a Protestant....

1553-07-10 00:00:00

Lady Jane Grey (disputed)

Lady Jane Grey, later known as Lady Jane Dudley and as the “Nine Days’ Queen”, was an English noblewoman who claimed the throne of England and Ireland from 10 July until 19 July 1553.

1553-07-19 00:00:00

Mary I

Mary I, also known as Mary Tudor, and as "Bloody Mary" by her Protestant opponents, was Queen of England and Ireland from July 1553 and Queen of Spain as the wife of King Philip II from January 1556 until her death in 1558. She is best known for her...

1554-07-25 00:00:00

Philip II of Spain

Philip II, also known as Philip the Prudent, was King of Spain from 1556, King of Portugal from 1580, and King of Naples and Sicily from 1554 until his death in 1598. He was also jure uxoris King of England and Ireland from his marriage to Queen Mary I in...

1558-11-17 00:00:00

Elizabeth I

Elizabeth I was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death in 1603. Elizabeth was the last monarch of the House of Tudor and is sometimes referred to as the "Virgin Queen".

1603-03-24 00:00:00

James VI and I

James VI and I was King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on 24 March 1603 until his death in 1625. Although he wanted to bring about a closer union, the...

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